Charles Darwin: Ferqa di neqeba guhartoyan de

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[[Wêne:Darwin.jpeg|right|framed|Charles Darwin (1809 - 1882)]]
[[Image:Tuerkei_Flagge_Konstruktion.png]]
'''Charles Darwin''' (1809 - 1882) zanyarek e. Pirtûka wî "Koka Cureyan" bandoreke girîng ser zanistan kir.
 
Charles Darwin sala 1809 de li Birminhan e wek zaroke malbateki dewlemend hat dinyaye. 16 saliya xwede ji bo perwerdeya tibe bibine sandin zankoya [[Edinburgh]] e. Le ev mijar bala wi nekisand u lewma ji bave wi ew ji bo bibe kese qane kir u xwest ew bice zankoya [[Cambridge]]. Ji xeyne viya tista ku heri bala Charles dikisand diroka xwezaye bu. Her wiha di vi demede li zankoya Cambridge de [[Joseph S. Henslow]] e wek mamoste kardike re bu hevalbend u dost. Darwin, ji saya Henslow gerineki ji bo kesifkirine cu Amerikaya basur. Her wiha di vi demede tista ku heri bandore li ser Darwin dike pirtuke Alexander von Humboldt`in. Pirtuken Humboldt reya zanistiya xwezaye li ber Darwin vekir. Darwin, 5 salan rewitiyeki deryayeji bo kisfkirna [[xweza]] u [[erdnîgarî|erdnigariye]] kir.
 
Charles Darwin, di vegera rewitiya xwede li ser mijaren [[zooloji]] u [[jeoloji]] nivisen xwe ye rojane wesand.Ev tist di rayagistide nave wi belavkir.
 
==Koka Cureyan==
 
Darwin, di sala 1843 de berhema xweya bi nave [[Koka Cureyan]] wesand. Dema Darwin ev berhem nivisand bi tabeti ji [[Thomas Malthus]] e ku pirtuka wiya bi nave "Ezmûnîyek li ser Nifusa ku bandorxistina ji bo civaka peseroje" ê gelek bandora wide ma. Malthus gotibi, civakeki insanan an ji heywanan, dema hemu ferden wi werin salen gehisti u xwe bidin zayin, bi lezeki mezin civak dikare duqat bibe. Darwin bi vi fikre tevgeriya u teza xweya vebijartina xwezayi derxist u pestabir. Li gor teze; ji bo muhfezekirina nifusa ya civaka heywanan, giredaye mirina ferden ku hin nehatibune salen zayineye. Encax, ferden ku xwe li diji rewsa jiyane xurtgirtine dikarin bizene an ji bide zayin. Her tist vebijartina di navbera ferden ku xwe li diji zehmetiya jiyane dike cedibe.
 
Ev teza wi seride u heya niha gelek rexne kisandiye. Bi taybeti rexneyen filozofi u oli cebunin.
 
Tekosina Darwin, bi mirina wi qediya (1882)u fikre wi hin ji ji aliyen oldaran te rexnekirin u te xwestin ku were puckirin.
[[Kategorî:zanyar|Darwin, Charles]]
 
[[ar:تشارلز داروين]]
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[[bg:Чарлз Дарвин]]
[[bn:চার্ল্‌স্‌ ডারউইন]]
[[bs:Charles Darwin]]
[[ca:Charles Robert Darwin]]
[[cs:Charles Darwin]]
[[cy:Charles Darwin]]
[[da:Charles Darwin]]
[[de:Charles Darwin]]
[[el:Κάρολος Δαρβίνος]]
[[en:Charles Darwin]]
[[eo:Charles Darwin]]
[[es:Charles Darwin]]
[[et:Charles Darwin]]
[[eu:Charles Darwin]]
[[fa:چارلز داروین]]
[[fi:Charles Darwin]]
[[fr:Charles Darwin]]
[[fy:Charles Darwin]]
[[ga:Charles Darwin]]
[[gd:Charles Darwin]]
[[gl:Charles Darwin]]
[[he:צ'ארלס דרווין]]
[[hi:चार्ल्स डार्विन]]
[[hr:Charles Darwin]]
[[hu:Charles Darwin]]
[[id:Charles Darwin]]
[[io:Charles Darwin]]
[[is:Charles Darwin]]
[[it:Charles Darwin]]
[[ja:チャールズ・ダーウィン]]
[[ko:찰스 다윈]]
[[la:Carolus Darwin]]
[[lb:Charles Darwin]]
[[lt:Čarlzas Darvinas]]
[[lv:Čārlzs Darvins]]
[[mk:Чарлс Дарвин]]
[[mr:चार्ल्स डार्विन]]
[[ms:Charles Darwin]]
[[nl:Charles Darwin]]
[[nn:Charles Darwin]]
[[no:Charles Darwin]]
[[oc:Charles Darwin]]
[[pl:Charles Darwin]]
[[pt:Charles Darwin]]
[[ro:Charles Darwin]]
[[ru:Дарвин, Чарлз Роберт]]
[[scn:Charles Darwin]]
[[sco:Charles Darwin]]
[[sh:Čarls Darvin]]
[[simple:Charles Darwin]]
[[sk:Charles Robert Darwin]]
[[sl:Charles Darwin]]
[[sq:Charles Darwin]]
[[sr:Чарлс Дарвин]]
[[sv:Charles Darwin]]
[[ta:சார்லஸ் டார்வின்]]
[[th:ชาลส์ ดาร์วิน]]
[[tl:Charles Darwin]]
[[tr:Charles Darwin]]
[[uk:Дарвін Чарльз Роберт]]
[[vi:Charles Darwin]]
[[yi:טשארלס דארווין]]
[[zh:查尔斯·罗伯特·达尔文]]
[[zh-yue:達爾文]]
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