Îştar navê [[Asûrî]] yê xwedaya [[Sumerî|Sumeriyan]] a binavê Înanna ye. Navê Îştar li cem samiyên Bakurrojava Astarte bû. Wekî din navên Anunit û Atarsamain herwiha Îştar destnîşan dikin. Banga [[Ya Star]] di Kurdî de xuya ye navê xwedayekî nîşan dide û bi dibêtiyeke mezin şûnmayiya navê Îştar e. Înanna cêwiya Ûtû/[[Şamaş]] e, herdu jî zarokên Nanar/Sîn in. Navên ku pêşî li wan hatin kirin Sumerî ne, navên paşê ji [[Akadî]] tên. Akadî samî ne û ber bi welatên Sumeriyan ve koç kirine.
Di astrolojiya dereng a [[Babîl]]î de pêwendiya Îştarê bi [[Gelawêj|Gelawêjê]] (Venus) re didanîn.
D Sumerî de
Gelawêjê "Mil.Dili.Pat e û wateya wê "stêrka yekane" ye. Wateya navê Înanna jî "Xanima mezin a An" e û "An" jî navê xwedaya ezmanan e. Der barê koka navê Îştar de gelek nîqaş hene, lê bi pirranî tê bawer kirin ku ev nav ji zimanên Samî tê. Ji ber ku bandora ne Samiyan li ser ol û mîtolojiya vê herêmê têra xwe nehatiye şopandin û ji ber ku hin çandin gelekî bi hêz lê nenivîskî ji nedîtî ve tên dîtin, der barê pêwendiya gotina "
Star" di Kurmancî de û navê Îştar de tiştekî berçav nîne.▼
Di astrolojiya dereng a [[Babîl]]î de pêwendiya Îştarê bi [[Gelawêj|Gelawêjê]] (Venus) re didanîn. D Sumerî de navê pêyka Gelawêjê "Mil.Dili.Pat e û wateya wê "stêrka yekane" ye. Wateya navê Înanna jî "Xanima mezin a An" e û "An" jî navê xwedaya ezmanan e. Der barê koka navê Îştar de gelek nîqaş hene, lê bi pirranî tê bawer kirin ku ev nav ji zimanên Samî tê. Ji ber ku bandora ne Samiyan li ser ol û mîtolojiya vê herêmê têra xwe nehatiye şopandin û ji ber ku hin çandin gelekî bi hêz lê nenivîskî ji nedîtî ve tên dîtin, der barê pêwendiya gotina "Star" di Kurmancî de û navê Îştar de tiştekî berçav nîne.
Înannaya Sumerî pêşî li bajarê [[Urûk|Urûkê]] der dikeve pêşberî me.
The Sumerian Inanna was first worshiped at Uruk (Erech in the Bible, Unug in Sumerian) in the earliest period of Mesopotamian history. In incantations, hymns, myths, epics, votive inscriptions, and historical annals, Inanna/Ishtar was celebrated and invoked as the force of life. But there were two aspects to this goddess of life. She was the goddess of fertility and sexuality, and could also destroy the fields and make the earth's creatures infertile. She was invoked as a goddess of war, battles, and the chase, particularly among the warlike Assyrians. Before the battle Ishtar would appear to the Assyrian army, clad in battle array and armed with bow and arrow. (compare to the Greek goddess Athena.)
One story involving Ishtar, and one of the most famous, is the story of her descent to the underworld. Ishtar, who was already regarded as the queen of the living due to her status as supreme goddess, desired to rule the underworld. She began to journey to the underworld, and offered a false explanation to the underworld's gatekeeper as to why she desires to enter the Land of No Return. The gatekeeper accepted her explanation, but also made sure to tell Ereshkigal, the Queen of the Dead and sister of Ishtar, of Ishtar's visit. Ereshkigal's face grew dark, and although she gave permission for Inanna to enter, she warned that ancient rites would have to be followed. At all seven gates, Inanna, like the souls of the dead, had to remove an article of clothing, at the seventh taking off her beautiful dress. When Inanna arrived at the palace of Ereshkigal, cold and naked, she complained to her sister of her treatment, but Ereshkigal silenced her and told her that when she visited the underworld, she would have to follow underworldly rituals. Ishtar then grabbed Ereshkigal, pulling her off her throne and sitting in her place, but the Annunaki, the seven demon-gods of the underworld, sentenced her to death. Immediately after their judgement was announced, Inanna turned into a green, decaying slab of meat, which Ereshkigal hung on a slab in her bedchamber. However, Ea, the cunning uncle of Ishtar, managed to get Ereshkigal to let Ishtar live again provided she sent a substitute. Ishtar was greeted by minor deities upon her return, who had been wearing only rough sacks and groveling in the dirt for days mourning for Ishtar, and so Ishtar decided that she couldn't send any of them. However, when she reached her palace, she found her lover Tammuz wearing brilliantly colored clothes and sitting upon her throne, and, in her rage, sent him to the underworld in her place. However, she later missed him and sent Tammuz's half-sister for six months every year to take Tammuz's place.
In all the great centres Inanna and then Ishtar had her temples: E-anna, "house of An", in Uruk; E-makh, "great house", in Babylon; E-mash-mash, "house of offerings", in Nineveh. Inanna was the guardian of prostitutes, and probably had priestess-prostitutes to serve her. She was served by priests as well as by priestesses. The (later) votaries of Ishtar were virgins who, as long as they remained in her service, were not permitted to marry. Inanna was also associated with beer, and was the patroness of tavern keepers, who were usually female in early Mesopotamia.
Ishtar is also a significant figure in the epic of Gilgamesh. She appears also on the Uruk vase, one of the most famous ancient Mesopotamian artifacts. The relief on this vase seems to show Inanna conferring kingship on a supplicant. Various inscriptions and artifacts indicate that kingship was one of the gifts bestowed by Inanna on the ruler of Uruk.
On monuments and seal-cylinders Inanna/Ishtar appears frequently with bow and arrow, though also simply clad in long robes with a crown on her head and an eight-rayed star as her symbol. Statuettes have been found in large numbers representing her as naked with her arms folded across her breast or holding a child.
Together with the moon god Nanna or Suen (Sin in Akkadian), and the sun god Utu (Shamash in Akkadian), Inanna/Ishtar is the third figure in a triad deifying and personalizing the moon, the sun, and the earth: Moon (wisdom), Sun (justice) and Earth (life force). This triad overlies another: An, heaven; Enlil, earth; and Enki (Ea in Akkadian), the watery deep.
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